PROCESS - 8 & Super 8 Film

 

Frame by Frame

Super 8 and 8mm film consists of a series of images that were captured at a rate of 24 frames per second. This is not universally true as some cameras or operators used different rates. Processing film with an unknown speed can create a significant problem for people transferring the film to a digital format.

The most inexpensive way to capture images for the transfer process is to do so "on the fly". However the most accurate way to capture the information is to take a digital image of each individual frame on the film. This process is usually referred to as "Frame by Frame" and is slower but produces the best image reproduction. Frame by Frame processing makes it much easier to determine the correct playback speed.

In addition to Frame by Frame we also process your film in Progressive mode. Progressive is the method of refreshing the screen and is used on computers and HD TV's. Interlaced is the alternative and is used on standard definition TV's. By processing with Progressive you may watch the movie on your computer or TV with equal success.

Baby

Notice the blurry lines around the head which may be caused by watching an interlaced movie on a computer.

Image Size

While the film is being processed for the image capture it is held in position by guides commonly referred to as a gate. The gate is designed so that the entire frame is available for the camera. This is not true of the typical movie projector which crops off as much as 10% of the frame. The result is that after transfer you will see more of the picture than you ever saw with your home movie projector.

As seen with a projector



As seen after transfer, notice the additional scenery due to the larger viewing area.

Camera Resolution

The digital image is taken with a camera that utilizes 3 CCD's or Charge Coupled Devices. Each of the three CCD's is used to capture wavelengths of one of the three primary colors red, green and blue. Cameras with 3 CCD's produce images with superior detail and resolution.

 

Transferring

Film consists of an emulsion placed on a celluloid base. The celluloid acts as the carrier and has the perforated holes for pulling the film through a camera or projector. The emulsion is on the side of the film facing the lens and when the shutter is open, the emulsion is exposed creating the image.

During the process of transferring the images to digital our equipment takes a digital image of the emulsion side of the film. This method is the most effective way to capture all of the available information that resides on the film.

celluloid film

The celluloid is the shiny side and the emulsion is on the dull side.


Editing

While processing the digital file we will look for areas that need to be edited out of the product. This is certainly true of the film lead and often there are bad frames at the end of a reel that need to be removed. If we find bad sections (all white or all black) in the middle of a reel we will also remove those. We will not remove images, without your permission, that may be visible even if they are not optimum.

 

Background Music

Your film is silent so as an option we offer the service of adding background music to your DVD. We offer several choices which you may listen to here.

Click here for Music choices

DVD Authoring

Authoring is the process of creating segments and a menu for the DVD. With your help we will divide the DVD into logical portions and title the segments for easy viewing. During the ordering process you will have the option of specifying titles for segments and may include dates, names and places.

All DVD's will be produced to the NTSC format which is the standard for the United States.

 

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